Canonicity #2: Inbetween the Old and New Testament and what about the Apocrypha?

Catholic Bibles have extra books between the Old and New Testaments called the Apocrypha–why is that and why don’t Protestant Bibles have them? You’ll find out in this lesson.

There is a video below and handouts below that.

Canonicity #2 Handouts

Canonicity #3: About the New Testament and the Gnostic Gospels

The Old Testament is not the only part of the Bible that has books that aren’t correct that some folks believe should be part of the Bible. In the Old Testament we already talked about why we don’t have the Apochrypha in our Bibles and this lesson will show why the Gnostic Gospels are not included in our Bibles.

Below is the video and then the notes after it. Please do download the notes because they have lengthy copies of some of the Gnostic Gospels. The video will discuss and you can see for yourself how foolish these works are and why they are not included in our Bibles.

Canonicity 3  Handouts

Canonicity #4: How the church decided what books were included in the Bible

This is the final lesson on the series on Canonicity, what books are in our Bible and why.

What’s most important to remember is that God determines the content of the Bible and people recognize it. This lesson discusses the Five Keys that were used to determine canonicity.

Below is the Video of the lesson and then below that, a PDF of the handouts. Click on the image to download and print them.

Canonicity Handouts #4

Why bother to be good?

This is part of a question that was asked in our Coastline Life in 3D class and we answer it in the video below with information from both the Bible and church history.

Our actions can have a tremendous impact on our world. We tend to live out what we believe and as you’ll see in the ancient world, though the early Christians did not have the special events and spectacles common with the pagan religions, they did have one thing that helped them turn the world upside down—they loved and cared for each other with sacrificial, serving love.

Below the video is a PDF of the PowerPoint notes. Just click on it to go to the PDF and then you can print it off.

Why be good PDF notes

Voices from church history: what did early Christians believe about Jesus

We’ve seen how it is a fact that many early historians referred to Jesus. So we know he lived in the first century.

However, that isn’t enough–what did they think of him? Critics of Christianity say that early on people thought of Jesus simply as a man. In fact Dan Brown goes so far as to say that the church did not decide that Jesus was divine until the Council of Nicea and many people mimic that opinion.

That opinion however, is totally, completely and absolutely wrong.

Not only did the followers of Christ from their earliest days state beyond a shadow of a doubt that Jesus was God, but they based their lives on it and most of them died a martyr’s death to prove how totally they believed it.

This video shows you what actually happened at the Council of Nicea (they did not vote if Jesus was divine or not) and you’ll also read the words of the early church believers.

The PDF of the notes for the class are below the video.

Voices from church history

What about disputed passages in the Bible, such as the ending of Mark 16?

To help answer the question about disputed passages this video will show you how to evaluate Biblical manuscripts, how they are dated and what that means to us.

This video shows you actual manuscripts and you’ll see it really isn’t difficult or mysterious to date them. You’ll also see the three key manuscripts that are what Bibles refer to as the “most ancient and reliable.”

The bottom line about the Mark passage as you’ll see is that the manuscripts that do not have the disputed ending are hundreds of years earlier than the ones in which it was added. However, these manuscripts were not available to the translators of the King James Bible.

The PDF of the notes for the class is below the video.

What about disputed mark 16 image

Question: are there other sources besides Josephus that tell you about Jesus?

Josephus is one of the best-known of first century historians, but he was far from the only person who talked about Jesus in his writings.

What is really important to remember when you are talking to someone or even for yourself when you consider these various authors is that at this point you do not need to consider if Jesus is God or Savior. The important thing to know here is that Jesus was a historical person who lived when the Bible said he did and in the circumstances it describes.

Our faith is “historical and evidential” and this video (and please also look at the ones on “Voices from Church History”) will help you understand the historical part of it.